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Universal classical optical computing inspired by quantum information process
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 02:27 authored by Yifan Sun, Qian Li, Ling-Jun Kong, Jiangwei Shang, Xiangdong Zhang
Quantum computing has attracted much attention in recent decades, since it is believed to solve certain problems substantially faster than traditional computing methods. Theoretically, such an advance can be obtained by networks of the quantum operators in universal gate sets, one famous example of which is formed by CNOT gate and single qubit gates. However, realizing a device that performs practical quantum computing is tricky. This is because it requires a scalable qubit system with long coherence time and good controls, which is harsh for most current platforms. Here, we demonstrate that the information process based on a relatively stable system -- classical optical system, can be considered as an analogy of universal quantum computing. By encoding the information via the polarization state of classical beams, the optical computing elements that corresponds to the universal gate set are presented and their combination for a general information process are theoretically illustrated. Taking the analogy of two-qubit processor as an example, we experimentally verify that our proposal works well. Considering the potential of optical system for reliable and low-energy-consuming computation, our results open a new way towards advanced information processing with high quality and efficiency.