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Unpredictable and Uniform RNG based on time of arrival using InGaAs Detectors

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posted on 2023-11-30, 20:49 authored by Anindita Banerjee, Deepika Aggarwal, Ankush Sharma, Ganesh Yadav
Quantum random number generators are becoming mandatory in a demanding technology world of high performing learning algorithms and security guidelines. Our implementation based on principles of quantum mechanics enable us to achieve the required randomness. We have generated high-quality quantum random numbers from a weak coherent source at telecommunication wavelength. The entropy is based on time of arrival of quantum states within a predefined time interval. The detection of photons by the InGaAs single-photon detectors and high precision time measurement of 5 ps enables us to generate 16 random bits per arrival time which is the highest reported to date. We have presented the theoretical analysis and experimental verification of the random number generation methodology. The method eliminates the requirement of any randomness extractor to be applied thereby, leveraging the principles of quantum physics to generate random numbers. The output data rate is on an average of 2.4 Mbps. The raw quantum random numbers are compared with NIST prescribed Blum-Blum-Shub pseudo random number generator and an in-house built hardware random number generator from FPGA, on the ENT and NIST Platform.

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