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Unveiling Topological Charges and Their Manipulation in Electronic Circuits

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posted on 2023-01-12, 15:22 authored by Zarko Sakotic, Predrag Stankovic, Vesna Bengin, Alex Krasnok, Andrea Alú, Nikolina Jankovic
Leveraging topological properties in the response of electromagnetic systems can greatly enhance their potential. Although the investigation of singularity-based electromagnetics and non-Hermitian electronics has considerably increased in recent years in the context of various scattering anomalies, their topological properties have not been fully assessed. In this work, we theoretically and experimentally demonstrate that non-Hermitian perturbations around bound states in the continuum can lead to singularities of the scattering matrix, which are topologically nontrivial and comply with charge conservation. The associated scattering matrix poles, zeros and pole-zero pairs delineate extreme scattering events, including lasing, coherent perfect absorption, and absorber-lasers. The presented framework enables a recipe for generation, annihilation and addition of these singularities in electric circuits, with potential for extreme scattering engineering across a broad range of the electromagnetic spectrum for sensing, wireless power transfer, lasing and thermal emission devices.



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