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Vector magneto-optical magnetometer based on the resonant all-dielectric gratings with highly anisotropic iron-garnet films

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posted on 2023-11-30, 20:41 authored by D. O. Ignatyeva, G. A. Knyazev, A. N. Kalish, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Belotelov
A sensitive vector magnetometry with high spatial resolution is important for various practical applications, such as magnetocardiography, magnetoencephalography, explosive materials detection and many others. We propose a magnetometer based on the magnetic iron-garnet film possessing a very high magnetic anisotropy, placed in the rotating external magnetic field. Each of the measured magnetic field spatial components produces different temporal harmonics in the out-of-plane magnetization dependence. The dielectric resonant grating placed on the top of an ultrathin film enhanced the magneto-optical response 10 times which makes it possible to achieve 10 times higher spatial resolution in the perpendicular to the film direction. The reported magneto-optical magnetometer allows one to measure simultaneously all three spatial components of the magnetic field with high spatial resolution and sensitivity up to 100 pT/Hz$^{1/2}$.

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