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Waveguide-coupled light emitting devices made of 2D materials
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 03:21 authored by Ronja Khelifa, Shengyu Shan, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Lukas Novotny
Optical information processing using photonic integrated circuits is a key goal in the field of nanophotonics. Extensive research efforts have led to remarkable progress in integrating active and passive device functionalities within one single photonic circuit. Still, to date, one of the central components - i.e. light sources - remain a challenge to be integrated. Here, we demonstrate waveguide-coupled electrically driven light emitters in an on-chip photonics platform based on 2D materials. We combine light-emitting devices (LEDs), based on exciton recombination in transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), with hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) photonic waveguides in a single van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure. Waveguide-coupled light emission is achieved by sandwiching the LED between two h-BN slabs and patterning the complete vdW stack into a photonic structure. Our demonstration of on-chip light generation and waveguiding is a key component for future integrated vdW optoelectronics.