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X-ray differential phase contrast imaging on asymmetric dual-phase grating interferometer with source grating: theory and experiment
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 18:38 authored by Yongshuai Ge, Jianwei Chen, Peiping Zhu, Jun Yang, Ronghui Luo, Wei Shi, Kai Zhang, Jinchuang Guo, Hairong, Zheng, Dong Liang
Recently, the dual-phase grating based X-ray differential phase contrast imaging technique has shown better radiation dose efficiency performance than the Talbot-Lau system. In this paper, we provide a theoretical analyses framework derived from wave optics to ease the design of such interferometer systems, including the inter-grating distances, the diffraction fringe period, the phase grating periods, and especially the source grating period if a medical grade X-ray tube with large focal spot is utilized. In addition, a geometrical explanation of the dual-phase grating system similar to the standard thin lens imaging theory is derived with an optical symmetry assumption for the first time. Finally, both numerical and experimental studies have been performed to validate the theory.