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Zero-photon catalysis based eight-state discrete modulated measurement-device-independent continuous-variable quantum key distribution

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posted on 2023-04-11, 16:00 authored by Muhammad Bilal Khan, Muhammad Waseem, Muhammad Irfan, Asad Mehmood, Shahid Qamar
Zero-photon catalysis (ZPC) introduces noiseless attenuation and can be implemented by existing technologies in quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols. In this paper, we present a ZPC-based eight-state measurement-device-independent continuous-variable QKD (MDI-CV-QKD) combined with discrete modulation and reverse reconciliation. This ZPC-involved eight-state protocol shows better efficiency in terms of optimal modulation variances, secret key rates, transmission distances, tolerable excess noises, and reconciliation efficiency compared to the eight-state protocol without ZPC, the four-state protocol without ZPC, and the four-state protocol with ZPC, at a low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).

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