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'Sawfish' Photonic Crystal Cavity for Near-Unity Emitter-to-Fiber Interfacing in Quantum Network Applications

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posted on 2023-01-10, 02:59 authored by Julian M. Bopp, Matthias Plock, Tim Turan, Gregor Pieplow, Sven Burger, Tim Schröder
Photon loss is one of the key challenges to overcome in complex photonic quantum applications. Photon collection efficiencies directly impact the amount of resources required for measurement-based quantum computation and communication networks. Promising resources include solid-state quantum light sources, however, efficiently coupling light from a single quantum emitter to a guided mode remains demanding. In this work, we eliminate photon losses by maximizing coupling efficiencies in an emitter-to-fiber interface. We develop a waveguide-integrated 'Sawfish' photonic crystal cavity and use finite element simulations to demonstrate that our system transfers, with 97.4% efficiency, the zero-phonon line emission of a negatively-charged tin vacancy center in diamond adiabatically to a single-mode fiber. A surrogate model trained by machine learning provides quantitative estimates of sensitivities to fabrication tolerances. Our corrugation-based design proves robust under state-of-the-art nanofabrication parameters, maintaining an emitter-to-fiber coupling efficiency of 88.6%. To demonstrate its potential in reducing resource requirements, we apply the Sawfish cavity to a recent one-way quantum repeater protocol.

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